Maternal and child health infectious disease tests are screening tests performed on pregnant women and their newborns to detect infectious diseases. Testing is important to identify and treat these diseases to prevent complications for both the mother and the child. Common infectious diseases that are screened for include HIV, syphilis, hepatitis B, chlamydia, and gonorrhea. Testing for these diseases typically involves a blood test, urine test, swab test, or a combination of these tests. In addition, newborns may also be screened for other infectious diseases such as cytomegalovirus and toxoplasmosis. Early detection and treatment of these diseases can greatly improve the health outcomes for both the mother and the child.
Maternal and child health infectious disease tests are performed through various methods depending on the type of test. Blood, urine and swab tests are commonly used. Test involving drawing of blood such as antibody tests are also administered. Newborn infectious disease tests are performed by collecting a small sample of blood from the newborn's heel.
Maternal and child health tests are typically performed during the first prenatal visit and again during the third trimester of pregnancy. Newborn infectious disease screening usually occurs within the first few days after birth. Additional testing may be required based on individual risk factors.