Feline diagnostic tests range from routine blood and urine tests to more specialized tests such as imaging and genetic testing. Routine blood tests can provide information on red and white blood cell counts, liver and kidney function, and electrolyte levels. Urine tests can detect issues such as infections, kidney disease, and diabetes. Imaging techniques such as X-rays, ultrasounds, and CT scans can be used to diagnose conditions such as tumors, fractures, and fluid accumulation. Genetic testing can identify inherited conditions such as polycystic kidney disease and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. Other specialized tests may be recommended based on the cat's symptoms and medical history.
Diagnostic tests should be conducted when a cat shows symptoms of illness such as lethargy, loss of appetite, weight loss, vomiting, diarrhea, coughing, or other abnormal behaviors.
The accuracy of feline diagnostic tests depends on the type of test, the experience of the veterinarian administering the test, and the condition of the cat being tested. Some tests are very accurate while others may have a higher rate of false positives or negatives.